The Science of Gasification

An exploration of the science that underpins gasification technology.

The Science Of Gasification

The gasification process converts carbonaceous materials into a synthesis gas (or “syngas”) primarily composed of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2). This is achieved by reacting the materials at high temperatures. There is a variety of options in the manner in which these high temperatures are reached and the injectants used in the process.

After its produced, syngas can be converted into valuable energy products. When produced from waste, syngas is identified by the U.S. Department of Energy as a renewable energy source, which offers a number of environmental and economic benefits.

The thermodynamic efficiencies of gasification compared to other waste-to-energy technologies are much higher, allowing for less energy/fuel loss. Also, if used in fuel cells the efficiencies are unparalleled when compared to direct combustion of the original fuel.